Revolutionize Your Network Monitoring with Topology and Geospatial Mapping

8 min read


Topology mapping is a crucial aspect of network monitoring that provides valuable insights into the structure, connections, and vulnerabilities of a network. While automatic topology mapping tools have gained popularity for their convenience, they often fall short in providing accurate and comprehensive results. This article aims to explore the importance of topology mapping for monitoring networks, while highlighting the limitations of fully automatic discovery and emphasizing the significance of user control in mapping topologies. Additionally, we will examine the role of geospatial mapping in identifying devices on geographical maps. Lastly, we will analyze how EyeOTmonitor’s integration of geospatial and topological maps can assist physical security integrators, wireless ISPs, and MSPs in effectively monitoring and managing their network infrastructures.

The Importance of Topology Mapping for Network Monitoring:

Network monitoring involves actively observing and analyzing network components to ensure optimal performance, troubleshoot issues, and identify potential vulnerabilities. Topology maps are network digital twins and play vital role in this process by providing visual representation of the network’s structure, allowing administrators to understand the relationships and connections between devices. Here are some key reasons why topology mapping is important for network monitoring:

  1. Network Visualization: Topology mapping provides administrators with a clear and concise overview of the network infrastructure. By visualizing the network’s components, such as routers, switches, servers, access points, point-to-point wireless radios and endpoints (CCTV cameras, encoders, access control panels, PCs, etc), administrators can gain a better understanding of the network’s layout and relationships. This visualization aids in decision-making, troubleshooting, and capacity planning.
  2. Efficient Troubleshooting: When network issues arise, topology mapping serves as a valuable tool for troubleshooting. By referring to the topology map, administrators can quickly identify the affected devices, trace the connections, and isolate the root cause of the problem. This streamlined troubleshooting process helps minimize downtime and enables prompt resolution of network issues.
  3. Network Optimization: Topology mapping allows administrators to proactively manage and optimize the network’s performance. By monitoring the topology map regularly, administrators can identify potential bottlenecks, capacity constraints, or security vulnerabilities. This proactive approach enables them to implement necessary measures to enhance network performance and minimize potential risks.

Limitations of Automatic Topology Mapping:

Automatic topology mapping tools have gained popularity due to their ability to simplify the discovery and visualization process. However, they come with inherent limitations that can compromise the accuracy and completeness of the mapping results. Here are some common limitations of automatic topology mapping:

  1. Reliance on Standardized Protocols: Automatic discovery tools primarily rely on standardized protocols like SNMP, CDP, LLDP, and ICMP to gather information about devices on the network. While these protocols are widely used, not all devices support them or provide consistent information. As a result, automatic mapping may overlook certain devices or provide inaccurate information, leading to an incomplete representation of the network topology.
  2. Inability to Capture Complex Network Segments: Networks often include complex segments such as VLANs or VPNs, which may not be easily discoverable through automatic methods. These segments require manual configuration or special considerations that automatic topology mapping tools may overlook or fail to accurately represent. Consequently, the resulting topology map may lack crucial details regarding these complex segments.
  3. Limited Customization and Flexibility: Automatic topology mapping tools typically follow predefined algorithms and rules for mapping, leaving users with limited customization options. Users have little control over the mapping process and may not be able to define or modify topologies to accurately reflect their specific network configurations.

Automatic Discover Complexities Example:

In the network diagram 1.0 below, we notice there are two firewalls configured in an HA pair. Notice that firewall 2 does not have an IP Address, only Firewall 1 does. If Automatic discovery were to be used, the system would only identify a single Firewall in the topology and would not know how to resolve connecting Ethernet 1/43 and Ethernet 1/44 from the core switch to the same port of X16 on This is where manual process of creating a dummy firewall device is necessary to show there are really two firewalls in place with high availability enabled.

The Significance of User Control in Topology Mapping:

To overcome the limitations of automatic topology mapping, it is essential to provide users with control and customization options. Manual topology mapping empowers network administrators to define and manage their network topologies, ensuring accuracy and flexibility. By taking control of the topology mapping process, users can achieve the following benefits:

  1. Accurate Representation: Manual topology mapping allows administrators to create a comprehensive and reliable map of their network infrastructure. By manually inputting device information, administrators can eliminate the risk of oversight or inaccurate automatic discovery. They can define complex network segments, accurately representing VLANs, VPNs, or other customized configurations.
  2. Granular Visibility and Troubleshooting: Precise topological mapping provides administrators with granular visibility into network segments and connections. They can identify bottlenecks, trace faulty connections, and optimize network performance. This level of detail enables efficient troubleshooting and reduces downtime, ultimately enhancing operational efficiency.
  3. Customization and Scalability: Manual topology mapping offers flexibility and scalability.
    Administrators can easily modify and expand their topologies as the network evolves, accommodating changes in device configurations, additions, or relocations. This adaptability ensures that the topology map remains an accurate reflection of the network’s current state.

The Role of Geospatial Mapping in Network Monitoring:

In addition to topological mapping, geospatial mapping plays a significant role in network monitoring, particularly for physical security integrators and wireless internet service providers (WISPs). Geospatial mapping involves overlaying device locations on a geographical map, providing valuable insights into the physical distribution of network devices. Here’s how geospatial mapping can benefit different sectors:

Traditionally, physical security integrators and WISPs relied on tools like and Microsoft Visio and Google Earth to plot static devices on a map. While Google Earth provided a basic visualization of physical assets, it lacked the ability to offer real-time data and dynamic mapping features. However, with EyeOTmonitor, the limitations of static mapping are overcome.

EyeOTmonitor goes beyond the capabilities of Google Earth by providing real-time device information, including device locations and status. The integration of real-time data with geospatial mapping allows for more accurate monitoring, proactive management, and immediate response to network events.

By utilizing EyeOTmonitor’s advanced mapping capabilities, physical security integrators and WISPs can optimize their operations more effectively. They can track the movement of GPS supported assets, monitor network performance metrics, optimize network coverage, identify areas or device connections with poor signal strength, and ensure seamless connectivity for their customers. This dynamic mapping approach enables integrators and WISPs to make informed decisions, streamline their workflows, and enhance the overall efficiency and effectiveness of their networks.

Effects of Topology and Geospatial Maps on Network Cybersecurity:

The application of topology and geospatial mapping plays a pivotal role in network security. Detailed, comprehensive maps allow administrators to identify vulnerabilities within their network infrastructure. They provide a visual guide to the network’s structure, which can be used to pinpoint areas of potential weakness or vulnerability. For example, they can help identify unsecured points of entry, outdated firmware, open network ports, or hardware that might be susceptible to specific attacks.

Furthermore, combining topology mapping with geospatial mapping enables a security team to better understand the geographical distribution of these vulnerabilities. This is particularly important for large, distributed networks where physical location can play a role in the network’s security. For instance, devices in remote or hard-to-reach locations might be more susceptible to tampering and require additional security measures.

Cost and Time Considerations:

While manual topology mapping allows for an accurate representation of the network, it’s important to consider the trade-offs. One of the main drawbacks of manual mapping is the increased amount of time and resources it requires. Unlike automatic mapping tools, which can quickly gather and process data, manual mapping requires a dedicated network administrator to meticulously collect, verify, and organize network data. EyeOTmonitor’s focus will be to bridge the gap between automated and manual topology building.


In conclusion, the marriage of topological and geospatial mapping paves the way for a comprehensive and innovative approach to network monitoring. Topology mapping—while effectively automated to a degree—greatly benefits from manual intervention to ensure accurate network representation and efficient troubleshooting. On the other hand, geospatial mapping offers a nuanced, real-time perspective of the physical distribution of network assets, thereby enhancing operational efficiency, particularly for physical security integrators and wireless ISPs.

Innovative solutions like EyeOTmonitor, which incorporate both topology and geospatial mapping, embody the future of network monitoring. By providing dynamic, real-time information about network assets and their geographical distribution, they enable organizations to streamline workflows, enhance performance, and bolster security.

Ultimately, the successful implementation of these mapping techniques translates into better network management, improved service quality, and a heightened understanding of the networks that are the backbone of our increasingly digital world. With the rapid evolution of network infrastructures and increasing complexities, these techniques are more than a necessity—they represent a transformative stride in the realm of network monitoring. The future of network management is not just about understanding the ‘what’ but also the ‘where.’ It’s about the interplay between space and structure, dynamics and details, and real-time reaction and planned precision.

Contact EyeOTmonitor today to see a demo and learn more.